Basic Trout Fishing Tactics

The sport of trout fishing is exciting and simpler to undertake. As such, it is an activity that just about any other person can attempt. All that you require is if you are interested in either the spin-casting outfit or the spinning tool, night crawlers, a box of hooks, and some hip boots. 

Unlike most other kinds of fishing activities, you do not require the pH meter, depth locator, motor, boat, expensive tackle or the guide. You may even forfeit the hip boots if at all you do not mind getting wet. We are going to examine how to go about the issue in the proceeding discussions. 


There are three main kinds of trout species which call South Minnesota home. They are explained hereunder: 

  • Brown Trout
    The brown trout trace their origins from Europe. They are by far the most numerous and highly sought-after trout in the entire southeast Minnesota streams. They are very alert. As such, you have to exercise great patience while stalking them if you ever hope to catch them. On the whole, they tend to prefer the deepest pools and feed either at night or late in the evening. Their preferred diets are the mayflies or the caddis flies.
  • Rainbow Trout
    Just like the brown trout, the rainbow trout is exotic to the Minnesota waters. It traces origins to the West Coast of the United States. They generally tend to do well in the fast-moving waters of the Whitewater streams. They are famed for their agile motions which make them quite elusive to catch. Owing to their inability to breed well on their own, they have to be stocked and specially bred.
  • Brook Trout
    This is the only native species of the three under consideration. They mainly flourish in smaller streams of water that are also of high quality. These include the pools and rifles which are generally shallower. They derive their nourishment mainly from the in-stream vegetation. In all, they are aggressive and comparatively simple to catch. In those water bodies that are large or medium-sized, they tend to dwell next to the headwaters and in mainsprings.

Step-by-step Procedures

Several methods for catching trout do exist. However, the best method varies with the skill level. If you are a novice and have never caught the trout before, the light spinning tackle is your best bet. You should thereafter progress by using the fly rod or preferring the crystal clear streams. 

How To Catch Trout For Beginners

  1. Start off by obtaining the map of the specific portion of the area you are interested in. By far the most reliable map is the "Trout Angling Opportunities in Southern Minnesota." You will find it freely available in most wildlife management offices, parks, and local fisheries.
  2. Next, utilize the monofilament line which should preferably be no heavier than a 6-pound test. You should do this especially if you intend to go fishing in the cloudy or muddy water. If fishing in clear water, one that is no heavier than a 4-pound test would do just fine.
  3. Feed some backing in the spool of your reel. Put around 30 yards of some lighter line at the end of the reel. Be sure to fill your spool even if it means stuffing in more of the line.
  4. Use hooks of sizes 10-14. Kindly refrain from utilizing the shank sunfish hooks. That’s because they are too conspicuous.
  5. Clean the reel thoroughly before embarking on the fishing exercise. This is to guarantee the smooth flow of the line off the spool. Step VI: Obtain permission from the relevant authority to fish in private lands which lack any easements. You do not want to ruffle feathers unnecessarily with property owners.


  • Ultra-light, fast-acting spinning rod that measures 4-5 feet long
  • Light duty spinning or spin casting reel that is outfitted with the 4 to 6-pound test line.
  • #10 to #14 regular shank bronze hooks
  • Some few split shots. These come in handy during those rare occasions when you might have to fish in swift waters
  • Canvas reel
  • Small knife
Even though several kinds of baits and fishing gears do exist, the following are by far the most recommended.

Recommend Bait For Catching Trout

By far the most recommended bait for fishing is the nightcrawler. They are abundant and are great for long casting. Other than these, the Hellgramites and the water worms (insect larva) are equally significant. They are however very scarce in the summer and may not be that much effective in the long distance fishing. In the early seasons, you may try your hand in the small minnows. Lastly, for angling the big brown trout, some sucker meat or chunk of chub may be necessary. 

Fishing Hardware

Apart from the bait, you will also require some fishing hardware like the spinners and the minnow imitators. Be sure to match their colors with those of the fish you want to catch. 


While fishing, be patient. Do not disturb the water unnecessarily. If you accidentally disturb your water, move to the next. Always approach the pool quietly and preferably from the downstream direction. Cast your to bait carefully and discreetly to remain hidden from the fish. In case the fish bleeds, preserve it because it might never recover. 


You are now good to go. Having known all you might want to as regards the subject matter, you badly want to take a bold practical step to implement the same. All the best in your subsequent fishing!